Beech wood has extensive usage for furniture framing and carcass construction, flooring, and engineering purposes, in plywood and household items like plates, but unusually as a decorative wood. Beech timber can be used to construct chalets, houses, and log cabins. Beechwood is an excellent firewood, naturally split and burning for many hours with bright but quiet flames.

European Beech timber

European Beech timber (sanded)

European Beech timber

European Beech timber (endgrain)

beech sawn timber

Common Name: European Beech

Latin Name: Fagus sylvatica

Tree Size: 30-40 m tall, 1-1.5 m trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 710 kg/m3

Janka Hardness: 6,460 N

Common Uses: flooring, boatbuilding, lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments (piano pin blocks), plywood, and turned objects.

Comments: Beech is an essential and widely-used hardwood in Europe. Its hardness, wear-resistance, durability, and excellent bending capabilities—coupled with its cheap price—make this hardwood a mainstay for numerous European woodworkers. Depending on soil requirements, European Beech can grow to enormous sizes, and wide, long lumber is commonly available for use.

Workability: Overall outstanding workability; it machines great, and glues, finishes, and turns well. Beech also answers superbly to steam-bending. It does, however, have a large number of movement in service, so action and wood stability need be taken into account.